Components research paper conclusion

The objectives generally stem from the overall aim and explain how that aim will be met. They are often organised numerically or in bullet point form and are terse statements that are clear and identifiable. There are four things you need to remember when creating research objectives. These are: Appropriateness each objective is clearly related to what you want to study Distinctness each objective is focused and incrementally assists in achieving the overall research aim Clarity each objective avoids ambiguity Being achievable each objective is realistic and can be completed within a reasonable timescale In creating research objectives that conform to the above, you may want to consider: Starting each objective with a key word e.

Beginning with a simple objective to help set the scene in the study.


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Finding a good numerical balance — usually two is too few and six is too many. Aim for approximately objectives. Remember that you must address these research objectives in your research. You cannot simply mention them in your dissertation introduction and then forget about them. Just like any other part of the dissertation, this section must be referenced in the findings and discussion — as well as in the conclusion. This section has offered the basic sections of a dissertation introduction chapter.

There are additional bits and pieces that you may choose to add. The research questions have already been highlighted as one option; an outline of the structure of the entire dissertation may be another example of information you might like to include. As long as your dissertation introduction is organised and clear, you are well on the way to writing success with this chapter. It is your job at this point to make one last push to the finish to create a cohesive and organised final chapter. If your concluding chapter is unstructured or some sort of ill-disciplined rambling, the person marking your work might be left with the impression that you lacked the appropriate skills for writing or that you lost interest in your own work.

To avoid these pitfalls, you will need to know what is expected of you and what you need to include in your successful dissertation conclusion chapter. There are three parts at a minimum that need to exist within your dissertation conclusion. These include:.

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Research objectives — a summary of your findings and the resulting conclusions. Furthermore, just like any other chapter in your dissertation, your conclusion must begin with an introduction usually very short at about a paragraph in length. As a result of the completion of the literature review , along with the empirical research that you completed, what did you find out in relation to your personal research objectives?

What conclusions have you come to? A common mistake by students when addressing these questions is to again go into the analysis of the data collection and findings. This is not necessary, as the reader has likely just finished reading your discussion chapter and does not need to go through it all again. This section is not about persuading, you are simply informing the reader of the summary of your findings.

Recommendations The purpose of a recommendations section is to offer the reader some advice on what you think should happen next. Failing to include such information can result in the loss of marks. Including these recommendations as implicit suggestions within other parts of the brief e. There are two types of recommendations you can make. The first is to make a recommendation that is specific to the evidence of your study, the second is to make recommendations for future research. While certain recommendations will be specific to your data , there are always a few that seem to appear consistently throughout student work.

Write a Research Paper Like a Pro – Guide and Useful Tips

These tend to include things like a larger sample size, different context, increased longitudinal time frame, etc. If you get to this point and feel you need to add words to your dissertation, this is an easy place to do so — just be cautious that making recommendations that have little or no obvious link to the research conclusions are not beneficial.

A good recommendations section will link to previous conclusions, and since this section was ultimately linked to your research aims and objectives, the recommendations section then completes the package. Your main contribution to knowledge likely exists within your empirical work though in a few select cases it might be drawn from the literature review.

Implicit in this section is the notion that you are required to make an original contribution to research, and you are, in fact, telling the reader what makes your research study unique.


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In order to achieve this, you need to explicitly tell the reader what makes your research special. There are many ways to do this, but perhaps the most common is to identify what other researchers have done and how your work builds upon theirs. Another obvious way that you can demonstrate that you have made a contribution to knowledge is to highlight the publications that you have contributed to the field if any.

So, for example, if you have published a chapter of your dissertation in a journal or you have given a conference presentation and have conference proceedings, you could highlight these as examples of how you are making this contribution. In summing up this section, remember that a dissertation conclusion is your last opportunity to tell the reader what you want them to remember. The chapter needs to be comprehensive and must include multiple sub-sections.

Components of Research Paper

A good abstract will contain the following elements: A statement of the problem or issue that you are investigating — including why research on this topic is needed. Different institutions often have different guidelines for writing the abstract, so it is best to check with your department prior to beginning. When you are writing the abstract, you must find the balance between too much information and not enough.

You want the reader to be able to review the abstract and get a general overall sense of what you have done. Is the focus of my research identified and clear? Have I presented my rationale behind this study?

In Summary: 10 Examples of Essay Conclusions

Is how I conducted my research evident? Have I included my main conclusions and recommendations? In some instances, you may also be asked to include a few keywords. Ensure that your keywords are specifically related to your research. Finally, you want to avoid having too many acronyms in your abstract. The abstract needs to appeal to a wide audience, and so making it understandable to this wider audience is absolutely essential to your success.

Ultimately, writing a good abstract is the same as writing a good dissertation ; you must present a logical and organised synopsis that demonstrates what your research has achieved. With such a goal in mind, you can now successfully proceed with your abstract! Many students also choose to make the necessary efforts to ensure that their chapter is ready for submission by applying an edit to their finished work. It is always beneficial to have a fresh set of eyes have a read of your chapter to make sure that you have not omitted any vital points and that it is error free.

The Ultimate Guide to Writing a Dissertation. Writing your dissertation introduction, conclusion and abstract. But why? As a general rule, your dissertation introduction should generally do the following things:.

One of the main purposes of the background section is to ease the reader into the topic. The research focus does two things: it provides information on the research focus obviously and also the rationale for your study. This is because it is essential to those who will be judging the merit of your work and demonstrates that you have considered how it adds value. We can write a separate page on how to select sources correctly, but this article has a focus on the general rules of writing a research paper. You have come up with the title page and the main idea so far. You have defined your target audience.

You have collected the necessary information using credible sources: books, textbooks, academic journals, newspapers, etc. Do not forget that you can count on our services. We are ready to pick a good title for your paper and make an outline. Thesis statement or called merely thesis is the essence of your research paper. In general, it is a brief fact or theory. By the research paper, you must answer a question: is a thesis statement truth and can be proved or not? Well, here you can find an answer why a research paper differs from an essay: you support your thesis statement with conduction of one or several experiments.

A thesis statement is not significant. It may narrow into just one sentence. The main trick is to squeeze every idea and theory that concerns your topic into a thesis. Let us remind you about the main purposes of a thesis statement:. If you need to know how to write a proper thesis statement , you can always count on our support. There are two types of this paper usual for the educational institutions: analytical and argumentative , and students have to realize the difference between them.

After this, they can start drafting their best work. The structure of these two papers might be the same, but the purpose and the content will be different. It might be easy to understand that the analytical type of research paper is about observing and analyzing the issue while an argumentative essay's purpose is to debate by adding valuable arguments. It's not that simple when it comes to the process of writing every page. Both types of this task have the same mission; and in the case of students, the primary goal is to improve their knowledge of the studied subject. If we talk about professionals and scientists, the mission is to explore specific research question which matters for the community.

The rest of the goals include the next points. The writing style is applied to the general research paper outline and references. The required format includes the title in the bottom, headings on every page in the upper corner, Times New Roman 12 pt. Each page should be numbered. It is a great idea to place a good research paper page example in front of you to get everything done correctly. There is an explicit algorithm for research paper writing. If you know the main steps from the idea to research writing to be made, this could be of much research paper help for you.

Revising, editing and proofreading are requested whenever the draft is completed; follow the next practical steps included in this process that are listed below. If you wish your professor to be entirely pleased with every page of your project, send your final paper for further editing to the professional academic writers online.

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