Binge drinking among college students essay
Moreover, test-taking is only one factor in academic success. Study habits, motivation and class attendance also contribute to academic performance; each of these could be affected by intoxication. While some previous studies, using surveys, have found that students who drink heavily have more academic difficulties than their peers who drink more moderately, this is the first study to examine that association by enrolling students in a controlled experiment, Howland said.
The team of researchers tested university students, ages 21 to 24, recruited from the Boston area. Over the course of four days -- one evening and the next morning, and then a second evening and morning a week later -- volunteer participants received either beer or nonalcoholic beer. They received the opposite drink the second time they were tested. The morning after, participants were given the practice versions of the Graduate Record Exam GRE , as well as a mock quiz on an academic lecture they received the previous afternoon. Students were monitored overnight by an emergency medical technician.
The study found that participants scored no differently on the GREs, or on the quizzes, whether they had consumed alcoholic or non-alcoholic beer. Howland noted that the scores on the GRE and quizzes were relatively high, showing that the students were taking the tests seriously. The researchers used different versions of the GREs, and quizzes on different lectures, that were comparable in difficulty.
Materials provided by Boston University Medical Center. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Better Essays words 2 pages Preview. With little else to do, these students turn to parties and illegal substances. A combination of this and poor time management causes students to get behind in their studies, perform poorly in sports activities, adds the risk of overdosing, and increasing impulsive behavior. Better Essays words 3.
Alcohol is a part of many, if not most, of all our lives, and can be seen advertised on almost every street corner. In fact, in , However, alcohol related deaths account for nearly 88, people annually, making it the third leading preventable cause of death within the United States National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Binge drinking is the activity of drinking amount of alcohol in a short period of time, usually in order to become drunk longmandictionariesonline.
And it is becoming increasingly recognized that it is a pattern young adults tend to have Hermens at el. According to the research, binge drinking can be a major threat to public health. This essay looks deeply in to the binge drinking problem Introduction Alcohol is a legalized drug that is often consumed in excess. The heavy consumption of alcohol or binge drinking is an issue in New Zealand society that has not been discussed until recently however the social cost of binge drinking is increasing rapidly.
This report discuses the behavior of binge drinking, and the looks at the reasons that people participate in this behavior. It also discusses the social and individual consequences of binge drinking The main sources used to research this report were journal articles sourced from both Ebesco database and Google Scholarly This is an easily fixed problem, however. Strong Essays words 2. Understanding why students are motivated to engage in drinking behaviors could help to reduce drinking and the problems that arise from overconsumption of alcohol. The purpose of the current study is to support the evidence that social factors have a big impact on drinking habits in college students as well as other motivators Strong Essays words 4.
My topic focuses on the negative effects of binge drinking among college students. With an increase of social acceptance of drinking, the act of binge drinking increases. Binge drinking is when a person has more than four drinks, if female and five if male, in one sitting. The basis of my research is to find how dangerous binge drinking is and how it negatively affects students now and even later in life Better Essays words 7 pages Preview.
They typically party with friends at fraternity parties, bars, and clubs; and unfortunately most of these students are underage, consuming excessive amounts of alcohol or 'Binge Drinking'. Binge drinking results in several detrimental outcomes, some are even fatal. Today this type of drinking is rampant on educational campuses everywhere. Large and small, urban and rural educational institutions are not left unaffected by this growing trend to binge drink Strong Essays words 6. Many people feel that underage binge drinking has increase while others might disagree saying that underage drinking has decrease.
The truth is binge drinking has been misrepresentative and the definition has been changed over the course of years. What most would consider to not be binge drinking in the past, is now consider to be binge drinking in the present. It gives an understanding of different means of intricate communications in relation to health promotion and prevention.
Binge Drinking Essay | Bartleby
For our health communication campaign intervention, we will be focusing on the health issue of binge drinking amongst our targeted population-- college students. This topic is important because college students are constantly exposed to their peers participating in binge drinking activities Better Essays words 3 pages Preview. According the U. S Surgeon General, undergraduate students who are binge drinking is one of the most significant public health issues currently. Undergraduate students have the stigma of working hard during the week, and once the weekend comes they participate in risky drinking behaviors and activities.
Even if they come to college with little drinking experience, they can quickly pick up on the habit due to peer pressure or simply the environment Better Essays words 5. It might also be noted that there are somewhat different definitions of youth and young people, according to the UN Secretariat, the terms youth and young people are interchangeable to mean age , however, the WHO defined youth as between 15 and 24 years old and young people as between 10 and 24 years old UNDESA, To ask college freshmen their plans for a Friday or Saturday night it is shocking to hear going out drinking in other words as a response.
The opportunity to expand their knowledge to pursue a career for the rest of their lives wasted on binge drinking is troublesome. Better Essays words 2. Philip Dhanens had only been in college for two weeks before binge drinking caused his death Quigley. Binge drinking in the past has been a major issue with college students, and has continued to become a social norm on college campuses all across the United States. In fact the rate has hovered above fourty percent for two decades and the numbers are still rapidly rising Strong Essays words 3 pages Preview.
A survey of teenagers has suggested that those who see their parents drunk are twice as likely to regularly drink dangerously What is it that makes teenagers so prone to rebellion. This is easy to accomplish as an additional two to three drinks for females and three to four drinks for males can constitute the difference between what is acceptable behaviour and what is not In the United States, the most frequent thing happening behind closed doors is binge drinking. Binge drinking is the rapid consumption of alcoholic beverages and it is seen and a widespread issue among colleges.
Quick consumptions of drinks can result in poisoning and death along with many more safety and health issues. College students also feel very rebellious when it comes to drinking before they are twenty-one As a college student who has never consumed alcohol to because my parents taught me that alcohol was wrong and that it was very addicting and they had conditioned me that if they ever caught me drinking, or saw me coming home drunk that they would go ballistic because they know the affects that alcohol has. Therefore, I never saw the need to do it and it was never appealing to me I never understand what was so fun about underage drinking and walking up with a massive headache Better Essays words 6.
For many, it is the first time they are on their own. College is a very different culture than high school. It takes time for most students to get acclimated to the college lifestyle. Most have never been to parties that last till about 4am with all the alcohol they can drink. A lot are also not used to having to share a bedroom with one or more persons, the heavy work load in the classrooms, and for some actually paying school tuition Crowds of teenagers huddle around a keg like bison to a watering hole, lines of empty cans mimic the marshes and vines blocking any clear path to the bathroom, and the alpha-male guarding his title at the beer pong table just as a Cougar would protect his leadership.
Where does this behavior stem from. Why are commuter students and those who do not attend college not found in such situations Wechsler has worked with the College Alcohol study since its creation in , and he also lectures at the School of Public Health at Harvard. In his article, Weschler discusses the prominent trend of binge drinking on college campuses and how to solve the widespread problem. Binge drinking is a term used to describe the act drinking alcoholic beverages with the intention of becoming intoxicated over a short period of time It has gone from a social drink to binge drinking.
While drinking alcohol has not changed in society today; the way it is consumed has replaced the past ways.
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As time passes drinking alcohol has changed with the social aspect diminishing, and now many young adults have the intentions of getting drunk. Binge drinking can be defined as having an excess amount of alcohol in a short period of time, with the intent to get drunk fast Only in relatively recent news has the legislation been uplifted. The lawmakers followed a lead spearheaded by DuPage County, which concluded that the most optimal solution towards remedying binge drinking and drunken driving was to ban happy hour.
In the years prior to the establishment of the law making happy hour illegal, it was recorded that alcohol-related crashes made up almost 50 percent of all fatal crashes in the state of Illinois Most college students are in the particular age group that statistically has the highest rate of binge drinking. Term Papers words These deaths include motor vehicle accidents, homicides, suicides, and drowning. Underage and binge drinking is the illegal use of alcohol towards minors or underage civilians in the United States. Underage drinking is a significant problem in Leland, North Carolina because it is illegal and leads to mischief for teenagers.
Underage drinking in Leland is caused by peer pressure, hereditary factors, and stress, so the local police force For many people alcohol can bring much pleasure, joy and societal amusement, however when people drink in excess, or binge drink, the costs to health and the community can potentially be devastating. The definition of binge drinking is not widely agreed upon, however a commonly accepted description is the consumption of 5 or more standard drinks on any single occasion, and often modified to 4 drinks or more for women Naimi et al.
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In the United States as well as other countries, underage drinking has become a prevalent issue with often far-reaching consequences. Teenagers, who engage in binge drinking, are likely to be exposed to other dangers, such as psychological issues, drinking-related accidents, and violent crimes. The increased prevalence of this problem makes it imperative to understand contributing factors, which can help in policy formulation Strong Essays words 3.
The actual act of drinking alcohol is not necessarily the problem, whether legal or not. The main problem is the act of binge drinking of college students, of age or not. Drinking modest amounts of alcohol may have some consequences, but binge drinking has more negative consequences than normal modest drinking.
Powerful Essays words 5 pages Preview. The drinking age has been 21 for the last 22 years, and people around the country have wondered weather or not this was the right call. We looked at the U. This is the reporting system that looks at all fatal traffic crashes and traffic crash deaths in the United States. We looked at the Centers for Disease Control mortality statistics for unnatural deaths, unintentional injury deaths.
Census Bureau data on how many 18 to year-olds there are in the United States. We looked at the Department of Education data on how many college students there are full time and part time in 2-year and 4-year colleges. And we also looked at a analysis published by Gordon Smith in "Annals of Emergency Medicine" that examined 20 years of medical examiner studies published in the scientific literature, looking at the proportion of unintentional injury deaths that were alcohol related. Combining data from all of those different sources, we derived estimates of how many unintentional injury deaths and traffic deaths each year among college students are alcohol related, and then we also made projections, based on the survey results, about how many people were driving under the influence, how many people were injured because of their drinking.
We made projections of how many students that really amounted to. And let's begin to break all that down. How many unintentional deaths did you project were occurring in a year?
Essay on Binge Drinking
We estimate that there are 1, unintentional injury deaths among college students 18 to 24 each year in the United States. Probably about 1, of those deaths are traffic deaths. The others are drownings, falls, burns, overdoses and so on. We estimated, based on the survey results, that there are over 2 million college students each year who are driving under the influence of alcohol, 3 million who are riding with a drinking driver. Half a million are unintentionally injured because of drinking. And 70, victims of date rape or assault. So the magnitude of these problems among the college population is really very high, and it should be a clarion call for us to try and develop interventions to try to reduce these problems.
And one of the—I think one of the important points of the task force that was put together is that there are interventions at the individual level and also at the environmental level that can—and the community level, that can address these problems. At the environmental level, for example, enforcing the age 21 law will clearly make a difference. Adopting or lowering legal blood alcohol limits down to. Having primary enforcement safety belt laws can reduce alcohol-related traffic deaths.
Administrative license revocation; increasing the price of alcohol; reducing outlet density; the numbers of stores and bars and restaurants that sell alcohol in a given geographic area or per population. All of those interventions can make a difference. And there have been a number of comprehensive community programs that involve multiple departments of city government, the health department, the police department, the school department, parks and recreation, working with private citizens, have been found to reduce alcohol-related problems among college-age youth.
There have been studies that have shown remarkable reductions in the proportions of outlets that will sell to young people, alcohol to young people under 21, the proportion of young people who will attempt to purchase alcohol under The one study by Alex Wagner in "Journal Studies on Alcohol ", 25 percent reduction in the proportion of 18 to year-olds attempting to purchase alcohol, and a 7 percent reduction in consumption. They've also, these type of community interventions have also produced reductions in admissions to emergency departments for alcohol-related assaults.
Hal Holder's Community Trials program out in California produced a 42 percent reduction in alcohol-related assaults, admissions to emergency departments.
A program we were involved in in Massachusetts produced a 42 percent reduction over a 5-year period in alcohol-related traffic deaths, again, a comprehensive community intervention program. So one of the things that we hope will come from the task force is a recognition that communities can work together with campuses to address these problems.
If the colleges try to do this alone, it's simply going to drive the problems out into the community. Conversely, if the communities address the problem and the campuses don't, it will drive the problem back onto the campus. What we really need to test out and to try to implement are comprehensive campus community interventions, where both groups are working together with parents and with concerned citizens to try to reduce these problems.
Quite frankly, it was a wake-up call to me too, that really the magnitude of this problem is very large. It's not only college students. Even though college students are more likely than same-age respondents to report these behaviors, people 18 to 24 are disproportionately at risk for unintentional injury deaths.
Among the college students 18 to 24 we estimated that there were 1,, but if we look at all individuals that age, there probably are 3, alcohol-related unintentional injury deaths, which is yet another reason why we need to involve the communities to address this.
It's not just college students, but it's young people at large. Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in the United States from ages 1 through 34, and traffic crash is the leading cause of death from ages 1 through These are the leading causes of death among young people in the United States. Last year there were over 90, unintentional injury deaths in the United States, 16, alcohol-related traffic deaths, or alcohol related, approximately 50, injury deaths are alcohol-related each year in the United States.
I was struck by the projection that there are 2 million college students driving around under the influence every year. We derive that estimate, 27 percent of college students 18 to 24 in our National Household Survey on Drug Abuse reported driving under the influence in the past year.
There are 8 million college students at 2 and 4-year colleges in the United States. You multiply—or 27 percent of 8 million is the 2 million that we're talking about. And the projection that , students a year report being assaulted by other students who are drinking — how did you derive that? That estimate was derived from the College Alcohol Survey that was of full-time 4-year college students. And those students said that they had been hit or assaulted by another student who had been drinking at the time. So it was , students saying that another drinking student had hit, pushed or assaulted them since the beginning of the school year.
What do we know about the degree to which all of this affects the academic experience of students, even of students who are not drinking so heavily? Well, if one looks at the college alcohol survey, and others as well, many students say that their study is interrupted, that they fall behind in school work as a result of their drinking, and there have been some of the surveys that have found a relationship between the amount of consumption and lower grade point averages, the [so-called] CORE survey done at the University of Illinois, for example.
So there's every reason to believe that these behaviors are undermining the very purpose of our higher institutions of education. And we want to make sure that young people, who have this wonderful opportunity to go to college and go to universities, will be able to take full advantage of that, and we're concerned that alcohol consumption, the problems that it causes the individuals who are consuming the alcohol, and also the problems that those not necessarily consuming the alcohol but who have to live in an environment with those who are, are experiencing that may pose a detriment to their education.
I mentioned that we had interviewed the father of the young man who died recently here at the University of Maryland, whose father told us that the young man's blood alcohol level taken in the hospital after he was taken to the hospital unconscious, was. Walk me through this business about blood alcohol content, and give me a general sense of how much the young man would have had to have drunk to have a blood alcohol content that high. An enormous amount of alcohol needs to be consumed to reach a blood alcohol level that high.
The legal blood alcohol limit in most states in the United States now is.
I would have to consume 4 drinks in an hour on an empty stomach in order to reach a blood alcohol level of. A pound woman would have to consume 3 drinks in an hour to reach a blood alcohol level of. We're talking about 6 or 7 times that level of alcohol.
The environment is different today
We know that at. There is an fold increased risk of single vehicle fatal crash involvement at a blood alcohol level of. Among young people, 16 through 20, particularly males, it's a fold increased risk. So you could imagine what the risk would be, for example, just of fatal crash involvement on a blood alcohol level that's 7 times the legal level of intoxication.
Let's go back and talk a little bit more about some of the interventions that have been shown to work. What is one that you think could serve as a very good model for this kind of multi-pronged 3-in-1 approach that the task force says is necessary. Well, there are several types, and what I'd like to do is to talk about, a little bit about each type. First there are individually oriented interventions, counseling people who are identified to be at high risk because of their drinking problems.
The most effective of those interventions have been in emergency department and trauma center things. Larry Gentilillo ph did a study at the Harborview Trauma Center, where they screened all of the people admitted to that trauma center for alcohol. They found that 46 percent had been injured under the influence of alcohol. They then did an experimental study where they randomly allocated half of them to receive a brief minute intervention, where they were told how their drinking compared to people of the same age and gender nationally, what their increased risk of injury and medical problem was if they continued to drink at the level that they were when they came into the trauma center, and then where they could obtain help.
A year later those in the intervention group, relative to the control group, were averaging 3 drinks less per day, over a 3-year period had 23 percent reduction in drunk driving arrests, and over a 3-year period had a 47 percent reduction in emergency department admissions for injury, and a 48 percent reduction in admissions to the trauma centers for injuries. So catching people at a teachable moment, when they've just been injured because of their drinking, has great promise, and there have been a number of brief intervention studies, not only done with the general adult population, but with adolescent populations.
Peter Monte ph at Rhode Island Hospital found very similar results. And there have been a number of brief intervention studies focusing on high-risk college students. Mark Goldman ph , one of the task force members who was co-chair had been involved in this research that consistently shows in rigorous experimental studies that brief intervention and counseling approaches of various types have an effect focusing on individuals.
At the environmental level, there are interventions such as lowering the legal blood alcohol limit from. Primary enforcement safety belt legislation, those are laws that permit the police to stop a vehicle simply because somebody in the vehicle is not belted. Studies of—in California when that legislation was adopted, showed that it increased safety belt use, not only among the general population, but also among people who were driving after drinking, and heavy drinking, actually even greater increases in the proportion of occupants that were wearing belts among the heavy drinking population and the youthful population.
So that can save a lot of alcohol-related deaths. Mandatory treatment for people who have been convicted of drunk driving is another example. Increasing the price of alcohol may have a particular impact on young people because they have less discretionary income, both in returns of reducing drinking and reducing alcohol-related traffic deaths.
Let's talk about any evidence that raising the prices of drinks around college campuses, or other interventions to raise the price of alcohol, makes a difference. There have been a number of econometric studies that have shown that the higher the price of alcohol, the less consumption there is, and the most pronounced effects are among young people who have less discretionary income. Another intervention that I think is very important to talk about is raising the legal drinking age to Back in the s, when a lot of states lowered the legal limit, there was about a 10 percent increase in traffic—alcohol-related traffic crashes among young people.
Binge drinking among college students
This is according to a review of over 50 studies that the Centers for Disease Control just published this past year. When states reversed that and started to raise the drinking age to 21, there was a 16 percent reduction in alcohol-related crashes among young people. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that to 1, young people each year or deaths are prevented as a result of the drinking age being raised to Nearly 20, traffic deaths have been prevented.
I think that's an underestimate actually of the overall lifesaving benefit of this legislation, because it doesn't take into account other unintentional injuries, homicides and suicides that are often alcohol-related.